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Replacing a phone speaker is as simple as ABC if you know which one to change because a mobile phone usually comes with two speakers, one at the front for making calls and the second one at the back for listening to music, sounds records, ringing tunes etc.

So, how can you differentiate between the two speakers and know which one to change
1). If you can't hear the opponent voice during outgoing or incoming calls then you should know that your phone is having a ("front" speaker issue).
2). If your phone ringing out, music and other sounds stopped working apart from hearing opponent voice during calls then your phone is having a ("back" speaker issue).

How will you know your phone is having a speaker issue
1). Decrease in sound quality when playing music or making calls
2). Sound stop working
3). Sounds cracking

Requirements
1). Phone screw driver
2). Replacement speaker (you can get it at the market)
3). Soldering iron (if your phone speaker is wire)

How to replace phone speakers
1). Remove your sims and memory card
2). Unscrew the phone and use your finger or plastic rubber to open the phone from side
3). Locate the speaker 
4). Go to the market or any mobile repair shop and get the exact speaker. I suggest you hold the old speaker with you as sample.
5). Remove the old speaker and replace it with the new one. 
If it comes with wire then you need soldering iron, but if it does not comes with wire then you don't need soldering iron to change it. 
5). After changing, arrange the phone and test your speaker.

Watch video here:


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How to replace your phone speaker

By Peteroyewole → Sunday, August 30, 2020

The two terms 'militate' and 'excellence' are contradictory. On one hand, militate denotes to oppose or have negative influence on something. On the other hand, excellence implies being outstanding, proficient, exceptional and to achieve a task in a unique way that goes beyond the norm. When we consider the above definitions with the title, we would have two pathways that each student can take. First, is the road that leads to academic excellence and second is, the other road to academic disaster. Meanwhile, the factors that militate against academic excellence and successes of every student are often, common. It now depends on the decisions that each student make to either overcome or subscribe to such factors.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Factors

Most importantly, when we talk about Militating factors against academic excellence, it can be grouped into two, either extrinsic or Intrinsic. By extrinsic factors, we imply externally-based challenges while Intrinsic factors are internally-based challenges that can affect a student's optimum performance in his/her academic endeavor.

Using Nigeria as case study, there are obviously more extrinsic than Intrinsic factors that may militate against student's academic excellence. The most critical among these factors is:

1). poor leadership: It has been a bane resulting to many socio-political crises in the country and cuts across all sectors. (i.e. education, economy, governance). It is simply a condition in which inefficient personnel occupy leadership offices in a state. In such case, the leaders may implement unfavourable policies that contradict educational soundness. For instance, many Nigerian students have been victims of incessant strike actions by certain educational bodies. During strikes, the academic curriculum and agenda of affected institutions are fractured and destabilised. There have been situations where students spend months running into years at home idle and waiting for the government to reach an agreement with concerned educational bodies/agitators. In such case, by the time a student would resume his/her academic work, s/he may not record significant success.

In addition, still connected to the issue of poor leadership are curricular reassessment and low-budget for the educational sector by the Nigerian government. In Nigeria, there have not been any significant reassessment of educational curricular and quality control since Independence. The general and current curricular was bequeathed to the nation by Europeans. There is currently, a dire need to reassess the Nigerian education sector, owing to the increase of unemployed graduates leaving tertiary institutions yearly. Apart from this, there is need for reappraisal of curricular which is meant to meet current not post demands of the nation and must include entrepreneurial and skill-acquisition programmes. Such programmes will grant focus not only to students at the tertiary level but those in secondary and primary levels. Having said this, a nation that refuses to invest in the education of her citizenry may not enjoy the benefits of enlightenment.

2). Family challenge: Beyond the ever-increasing governmentally-induced challenges, there is also the family challenge. Every student is a representative of a home therefore, positive or negative situation in a home may affect the performance and potentiality of a student. A case where a student is a child to an unstable, abusive, divorced or separated parents, s/he may become traumatised psychologically and will inadvertently, affect the student's academic performance.

3). Societally-induced challenge: There are also societally-induced challenges, for instance, in Nigeria there is the "get-quick-rich-syndrome" among Nigerian youths. They have been fed with vague idea of success without hard work or labour. There is an assumption that there is alternative to success gained from education. This idea is fostered by celebrity stories of dropouts and the advent of internet scamming. The social media, technology as well as social realities have brought a decline to ambition and passion of many Nigerian youths for education. Such social realities include unemployment of graduates which brings discouragement to the few with drive for education.

4). Poor educational background: As a corollary, there are some Intrinsic factors which are offshoots of extrinsic factors. For instance, students with poor educational background may experience fear and failure as students. In Nigeria, some well-to-do parents influence their children's academic performance through bribery and other schemes that create shortcuts for them out of rigorous academic processes. Children in such instance, may be unable to perform excellently in their academic endeavors.

5). Inefficient or unequipped teaching personnel academic institution: An academic institution with inefficient or unequipped teaching personnel may result to poor performance of students. Having said this, there are self-induced factors such as lack of drive to pursue success, laziness, truancy, low-self-esteem, poor study habits, la k of preparation for exams, inattentiveness in class, juvenile studentship, lack of mentorship, wrong choice of career and distractions through technological gadgets and romantic relationships.

As complement to the above factors, Crosnoe, Johnson and Elder (2004) identified thirty-two (32) general factors that may affect student's success and they include: fear, anxiety, confidence, concentration, health and well-being, social factors: peer group, family crisis, economic factors: financial problem and stress, environmental factors: good learning environment, class size, environmental condition (peaceful atmosphere within the locality of institution), teaching and training method, personal factors: lack of reading habit and reading plan, unwillingness to take responsibility, time mismanagement, lack of desire, decision and determination, negative attitude towards education, lack of initiative, poor literacy skills of students, immaturity, apathy, poor exam preparation, academic factors: imbalance of theory and practice of a course of study and heavy course workload by teachers.

Conclusion

In sum, through this study, we have been able to highlight several factors that can affect a student from recording outstanding academic success. However, a careful observation at the above factors indicate that academic success is a combined effort of several personnel (i.e. parents, society, government/non-governmental organizations, educational bodies, proprietors and teachers) and then, the student. On this premise, we therefore, recommend that the Nigerian government should increase the quota for academic sector and also, create a regular reassessment of educational policies, teachers as well as educational bodies should be given sufficient motivation. Moreover, educational bodies should create fascinating online resources that students can engage while learning at the same time. Significantly, there would always be challenges working against the academic excellence/performance of students however, each student has the self-will to determine what outcome s/he wishes to have.


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Factors Militating Against Academic Excellence In Nigeria

By Peteroyewole → Tuesday, August 25, 2020

What is mouthpiece?
Mouthpiece is a small microphone which is located at the base of every phones. Mouthpiece collect sounds within the surrounding through (sound records) and also intercepts voice to transmit to other mobile phone users during call.

How will you know your phone is having mouthpiece issue
Through sound recoding and call making:
1). Sounds recording: if you try recording your voice and it not working then you should know that your phone is having a mouthpiece issue.
2). Call making: if you make an outgoing call or someone calls you and you can hear the opponent voice clearly but the opponent can't hear you, then you should know that your phone is having a mouthpiece issue.
So, how can you fix your phone "mouthpiece"? It very easy as ABC if you have the below requirements.

Requirements to fix a phone mouthpiece
1). Soldering iron
2). Screw driver
3). Mouthpiece 
4). Candle and matches 

How to fix mouthpiece for Android phone
1). Remove your sims and memory card
2). Unscrew the phone using phone screw driver
3). Use your finger or plastic rubber to open the phone from side
4). Locate the mouthpiece, it usually at the base of every phones
5). Remove the network antenna and detach the little panel from the flex.
6). Light your candle and heat the mouthpiece from under and remove it. Don't let the light from the candle come too close to the panel.
7). If the "mouthpiece" is round you can replace it with a wire mouthpiece by soldering the positive wire which is "red" in the middle and solder the negative wire which is "black" on the outer part.
8). Return everything back and turn on your phone
9). Test it through sound recording or try calling someone.

Note: if you open your phone and you saw this kind of mouthpiece "square" or "box" quickly close the phone and take it to a phone repair engineer, because this mouthpiece requires special knowledge to fix it.

Watch video here:

How to fix mouthpiece for china phones
1). Remove your sims and memory card
2). Unscrew the phone using phone screw driver
3). Use your finger or plastic rubber to open the phone from side
4). Locate the mouthpiece, it usually at the base or front of every phones
5). Desold the "mouthpiece" from the panel and replace it with a new one.
Don't interchange the wires, sold it the way you remove the old "mouthpiece".
6). Return everything back and turn on your phone
7). Test it through sound recording or try calling someone.

Watch video here:



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How to fix your phone mouthpiece

By Peteroyewole → Thursday, August 20, 2020

Is your phone screen showing blank, white or ink? If yes then don't worry because today am going to explain to you how to replaced it without visiting a mobile phone repairer shop.

Requirements
1). Soldering iron
2). Soldering paste or candle
3). Exact screen.

How to replace screen for china phones
1). Unscrew your phone
2). Goto the market with your phone and get the exact screen
3). Apply little "soldering paste" or cut little candle and apply it on the surface.
4). Use your left hand to rise and hold the screen up
5). After rising, use the other hand to hold your soldering iron, check screenshot below


6). Drag the screen slowly with your left hand while your right hand which is holding the soldering iron is on the edge of the screen legs.
7). After removing now arrange the panel screen legs with your soldering iron.
8). Place the new screen on the panel and solder it.
9). Insert the battery and turn on your phone
10). If the new screen is still showing white, or blank, consider resoldering it the second time.

Watch video here:

How to replace Android phone screen
1). Remove your sims and memory card
2). Unscrew your phone
3). Goto the market with your phone and get the exact screen.
4). Remove the screen clip and test it
5). Request for glue and glued it there
6). Make sure you fix everything in the market before coming home.

Watch video here:


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How to replace phone screen

By Peteroyewole → Saturday, August 15, 2020

Charging port is a socket or connector located at the buttom of your phone where your battery charger connect.
Today, i will explain to you how to change it if yours is having issue.

Names of charging ports
1). Pin mouth charging port ( Nokia and china phones)
2). Android charging port
3). Visa-phone charging port

How will you know your phone is having charging port issue
1). Slow charging
2). Charging not working when you insert cable
3). Decrease in percentage instead of increasing when charging
4). Bending of charger cable before your phone can charge

Requirements
1). Phone screw driver
2). Exact charging port
3). Blower or (candle and matches)
4). Picker
5). Soldering paste
6). Toothbrush

How to change Android phone charging port
1). Remove your sims and memory card
2). Unscrew the phone using phone screw driver
3). Open the phone using your finger or plastic rubber from side
4). Locate the charging port, most Android phones charging port is located at the base.
5). After locating the charging port, detach all the flex, network antenna that connects to the panel within the charging port area.
6). Bring out the panel and place it on a flat surface e.g a table and use a padlock, stone or anything to hold the panel.
7). Heat the charging port from under using blower or candle.
Make sure you applied soldering paste inside the charging port before heating, to avoid melting the charging port.
Important: be careful and don't allow soldering paste to enter inside the mouthpiece.
8). After it as heat to some extent, now use your picker to remove it
9). Place the new charging port on the panel and continue heating from under until it sit well in its position.
Important: make sure you applied plenty soldering paste inside the charging port before heating and continue applying soldering paste once you see it getting dry and you are not done fixing.
10). After you finish fixing, use toothbrush to brush the inside of the charging port
11). Arrange your phone and test it.

Watch video here:

Note: you can use candle in place of soldering paste. All you have got to do is cut little piece from candle and struck it inside the charging port and melt it.

How to change button phone charging port
Button phones charging port is easy as ABC to change and not as complicated compare to Android phone charging port.
Just follow the below steps:
1). Remove your sim card
2). Unscrew the phone using phone screw driver
3). Locate the charging port
4). Use picker or screw driver to remove the charging port from the chassis
5). Replace with a new charging port
6). Arrange the phone, tie the screws and test it.

Watch video here:


Note: some button phones are using the same charging port with Android phones.
So if you open your phone and you discovered that the charging port is soldered then you need to follow the Android procedure to change it and make sure you remove the "bouncer leather" before heating.


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How to change charging port

By Peteroyewole → Monday, August 10, 2020
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